Brodiaeoideae are a monocot subfamily of flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, order Asparagales. They have been treated as a separate family, Themidaceae. They are native to Central America and western North America, from British Columbia to Guatemala. The name of the subfamily is based on the type genus Brodiaea.

In molecular phylogenetic analyses, Brodiaeoideae is strongly supported as monophyletic. It is probably sister to Scilloideae. Recent treatments have divided Brodiaeoideae (or Themidaceae) into 12 genera. The monophyly of several of the genera remains in doubt. As currently circumscribed, the largest genera are Triteleia, with 15 species, and Brodiaea, with 14. Nine of the 12 genera are known in cultivation, but only species of Brodiaea and Triteleia are commonly grown.


Perennial herbs arising from a starchy corm; a new corm arising each year from the old one.
Leaves linear, often fleshy, forming a closed sheath at their base.
Veins parallel. Inflorescence an umbel, or rarely a single flower, at the apex of a solitary scape.
Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic.
Tepals all similar, in 2 whorls of 3.
Fertile stamens 6, or 3 and alternating with 3 staminodes.
Stamens and staminodes inserted on tepals.
Anthers basifixed and introrse.
Ovary superior and trilocular. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seed covered with phytomelan.

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